Significance and procedure of Upanayanam

Significance and procedure of Upanayanam

Upanayanam is a ritual performed at the start of formal education of reading, writing, arts, and other skills. Usually, the Upanayanam ceremony should be done at the age of seven. Through Upanayanam the child has introduced the concept of Brahmin and becomes Brahmachari according to Manusmriti. In Hinduism, wearing jandhyam signifies the starting of education for the child. The significance and procedure of Upanayanam is explained in detail in this article.


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The procedure of Upanayanam:

  1. Naandi:

Naandi means beginning. During Naandi, the brahmins are offered food and bless the kid. 

 2.Matru Bhojana:

The kid is fed by the mother along with other four children who have already done Upanayanam. The priest blesses the kid by chanting mantras.

3.Yagnopaveetha Dharanam

By the guidance of a guru, a sacred thread, jandhyam is placed across the boy’s left shoulder by the kid’s father. To protect the child from the evil eyes and save the child’s purity Munja grass is tied around the child’s waist. 


The father whispers the supreme mantra Gayatri mantra in the child’s ear. 

5.Surya Darsanam

The child looks towards Sun, Lord Surya Bhagawan, through a small hole formed by joining the palms. 

  1. Bhikshakaranam

The child asks for alms of rice from his mother and other women who attended the ceremony by saying Bhavathi Bhikshamdehi. 


The child introduces himself by his name and his gothram to elders and seeks blessings from elders by doing namaskaram. 

7.Sandhya vandanam

Then the child will do Sandhya vandhanam, which means he prays to Lord Surya Bhagawan while chanting Gayatri Mantram.

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